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Buckwheat

Fagopyrum sculentum
HOW TO GROW BUCKWHEAT

SOWING
Sow in late May through July and till in 5–6 weeks after germination, when flowering has begun. Must be mowed or incorporated before seed is mature otherwise it may become a weed. Does well on low-fertility or acidic soils. Too much fertilizer, especially nitrogen, reduces yields. Prefers a cool moist climate, but it also succeeds in dry and arid regions. In hot climates, sow late in the season, so that it blooms in cooler weather.

GRAIN HARVEST
For grain harvest, sow 3 months before fall frost. Harvest after killing frost. For grain harvest, be aware that the grains, groats, do not ripen uniformly. Cut the plants when 80-90% of the seeds have matured and turned brown. Once threshed, remove as much green plant material as possible to prevent shortening the grain's life by overheating. The presence of pollinators greatly increases the yield.

SHIPPING COST
25-lb., 50-lb. and larger sizes ship via ground transportation. Select the appropriate Bulk Shipping option at checkout. We may email you additional shipping costs separately based on your total order weight, zone and palleting costs.

LEARN MORE
SARE and Managing Cover Crops Profitably, 3rd Edition.

Soil pH 5–7. Hardiness zones 7–10. Annual.

Days from maturity calculated from the date of seeding. Average 14,300 seeds per pound. Sow average of 40–55 lbs per acre, 2–3 lbs per 1000 square feet, double the rate for broadcasting followed by cultipacking. Usual seed life: 2–3 years.

Planting Depth 1/2 to 1”
Soil Temp. Germ. 45–95˚F
Days to Germ. 5
Plant Spacing 6–9.5”
Row Spacing 6–10”
Days To Maturity 35–120
Storage Refrigerate
Full Sun, Moist Well Drained Soil

Buckwheat Seed Count
1 Pound ≈ 14,309 seeds
5 Pounds ≈ 71,544 seeds
25 Pounds ≈ 358m seeds
50 Pounds ≈ 715m seeds
100 Pounds ≈ 1,431m seeds
  • 1 Pound$7.45
  • 5 Pounds$17.68
  • 25 Pounds$69.06
  • 50 Pounds$138.13
  • 100 Pounds$276.25

Buckwheat is a frost-tender short-season green manure crop, it can be used to reclaim badly degraded soils and subsoils. Grows quickly to 2’, buckwheat will out-compete most tenacious weeds in fields with high weed seed densities. Planting several successions in a season can be effective for eradicating persisten...

Buckwheat is a frost-tender short-season green manure crop, it can be used to reclaim badly degraded soils and subsoils. Grows quickly to 2’, buckwheat will out-compete most tenacious weeds in fields with high weed seed densities. Planting several successions in a season can be effective for eradicating persistent annual weeds. An easy cover crop to work with, brittle roots are easily chopped up. An accumulator of insoluble phosphorus that is released back into the soil when tilled in.

Leaves are eaten cooked like spinach. Seeds are also eaten raw or cooked, a nutty flavor but they have a gritty texture. Seeds can also be sprouted and added to salads. Seeds can also be ground into a cereal and made into pancakes, noodles, breads or be used as a thickening agent in soups etc. Buckwheat contains no gluten and may be eaten by people with celiac disease or gluten allergies. Protein is 18% with a high concentration of all essential amino acids, especially lysine, threonine, tryptophan, and the sulphur-containing amino acids. Rich in vitamin B6.

Buckwheat is a bitter but pleasant tasting herb that is frequently used medicinally because the leaves are a good source of rutin. Rutin is useful in the treatment of a wide range of circulatory problems, it dilates the blood vessels, reduces capillary permeability and lowers blood pressure. The leaves and shoots of flowering plants are acrid, astringent and vasodilator. It is used internally in the treatment of high blood pressure, gout, varicose veins, chilblains, radiation damage. It is best used in conjunction with vitamin C since this aids absorption. A poultice made from the seeds has been used for restoring the flow of milk in nursing mothers. n infusion of the herb has been used in the treatment of erysipelas, an acute infectious skin disease.

The nectar from buckwheat flower makes a dark-colored honey. A blue dye is obtained from the stems. A brown dye is obtained from the flowers.

Tags: Color: Green, Specialty: Cover Crop, Season: Spring Fall.

Despite the name, buckwheat is not related to wheat, as it is not a grass. Instead, buckwheat is related to sorrel and rhubarb. The name 'buckwheat' or 'beech wheat' comes from its triangular seeds, which resemble the much larger seeds of the beech nut from the beech tree, and the fact that it is used like wheat. Common buckwheat was domesticated and first cultivated in inland Southeast Asia, possibly around 6000 BCE, and from there spread to Central Asia and Tibet, and then to the Middle East and Europe. Domestication most likely took place in the western Yunnan region of China. Buckwheat is documented in Europe in Finland by at least 5300 BCE as a first sign of agriculture, and in the Balkans by circa 4000 BCE in the Middle Neolithic.
Learn More

Buckwheat

Fagopyrum sculentum

Buckwheat is a frost-tender short-season green manure crop, it can be used to reclaim badly degraded soils and subsoils. Grows quickly to 2’, buckwheat will out-compete most tenacious weeds in fields with high weed seed densities. Planting several succession...

Buckwheat is a frost-tender short-season green manure crop, it can be used to reclaim badly degraded soils and subsoils. Grows quickly to 2’, buckwheat will out-compete most tenacious weeds in fields with high weed seed densities. Planting several successions in a season can be effective for eradicating persistent annual weeds. An easy cover crop to work with, brittle roots are easily chopped up. An accumulator of insoluble phosphorus that is released back into the soil when tilled in.

Leaves are eaten cooked like spinach. Seeds are also eaten raw or cooked, a nutty flavor but they have a gritty texture. Seeds can also be sprouted and added to salads. Seeds can also be ground into a cereal and made into pancakes, noodles, breads or be used as a thickening agent in soups etc. Buckwheat contains no gluten and may be eaten by people with celiac disease or gluten allergies. Protein is 18% with a high concentration of all essential amino acids, especially lysine, threonine, tryptophan, and the sulphur-containing amino acids. Rich in vitamin B6.

Buckwheat is a bitter but pleasant tasting herb that is frequently used medicinally because the leaves are a good source of rutin. Rutin is useful in the treatment of a wide range of circulatory problems, it dilates the blood vessels, reduces capillary permeability and lowers blood pressure. The leaves and shoots of flowering plants are acrid, astringent and vasodilator. It is used internally in the treatment of high blood pressure, gout, varicose veins, chilblains, radiation damage. It is best used in conjunction with vitamin C since this aids absorption. A poultice made from the seeds has been used for restoring the flow of milk in nursing mothers. n infusion of the herb has been used in the treatment of erysipelas, an acute infectious skin disease.

The nectar from buckwheat flower makes a dark-colored honey. A blue dye is obtained from the stems. A brown dye is obtained from the flowers.

Tags: Color: Green, Specialty: Cover Crop, Season: Spring Fall.

Despite the name, buckwheat is not related to wheat, as it is not a grass. Instead, buckwheat is related to sorrel and rhubarb. The name 'buckwheat' or 'beech wheat' comes from its triangular seeds, which resemble the much larger seeds of the beech nut from the beech tree, and the fact that it is used like wheat. Common buckwheat was domesticated and first cultivated in inland Southeast Asia, possibly around 6000 BCE, and from there spread to Central Asia and Tibet, and then to the Middle East and Europe. Domestication most likely took place in the western Yunnan region of China. Buckwheat is documented in Europe in Finland by at least 5300 BCE as a first sign of agriculture, and in the Balkans by circa 4000 BCE in the Middle Neolithic.
Learn More
HOW TO GROW BUCKWHEAT

SOWING
Sow in late May through July and till in 5–6 weeks after germination, when flowering has begun. Must be mowed or incorporated before seed is mature otherwise it may become a weed. Does well on low-fertility or acidic soils. Too much fertilizer, especially nitrogen, reduces yields. Prefers a cool moist climate, but it also succeeds in dry and arid regions. In hot climates, sow late in the season, so that it blooms in cooler weather.

GRAIN HARVEST
For grain harvest, sow 3 months before fall frost. Harvest after killing frost. For grain harvest, be aware that the grains, groats, do not ripen uniformly. Cut the plants when 80-90% of the seeds have matured and turned brown. Once threshed, remove as much green plant material as possible to prevent shortening the grain's life by overheating. The presence of pollinators greatly increases the yield.

SHIPPING COST
25-lb., 50-lb. and larger sizes ship via ground transportation. Select the appropriate Bulk Shipping option at checkout. We may email you additional shipping costs separately based on your total order weight, zone and palleting costs.

LEARN MORE
SARE and Managing Cover Crops Profitably, 3rd Edition.

Soil pH 5–7. Hardiness zones 7–10. Annual.

Days from maturity calculated from the date of seeding. Average 14,300 seeds per pound. Sow average of 40–55 lbs per acre, 2–3 lbs per 1000 square feet, double the rate for broadcasting followed by cultipacking. Usual seed life: 2–3 years.

Planting Depth 1/2 to 1”
Soil Temp. Germ. 45–95˚F
Days to Germ. 5
Plant Spacing 6–9.5”
Row Spacing 6–10”
Days To Maturity 35–120
Storage Refrigerate
Full Sun, Moist Well Drained Soil

Buckwheat Seed Count
1 Pound ≈ 14,309 seeds
5 Pounds ≈ 71,544 seeds
25 Pounds ≈ 358m seeds
50 Pounds ≈ 715m seeds
100 Pounds ≈ 1,431m seeds
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