Grown for its almond shaped tubers, .2-.75” in diameter. This is the cultivated variety, var. sativus, that produces larger tubers. Has a nutty flavor, is eaten raw, roasted, dried, baked or as milk or oil. Is rich in phosphorus, potassium, and vitamins E and C, is suitable for diabetics, good substitute for cereal grains. They contain twice the starch as potatoes. Earth almonds contain 18 percent saturated and 82 percent unsaturated fatty acids. Roasted tigernut can be made into a flour or juice as in Horchata. Used in Ayurvedic medicine as digestion tonic. Topical antioxidant because of high levels of vitamin E. Also grown as a warm season bunch grass ‘chufa’ planted in food plots for deer, turkey, ducks and pigs. Distinguished from grasses by their triangular stems. Is an invasive weed in over 21 crops, difficult to remove from lawns and gardens. Tubers and roots are interconnected to a depth of 14-24”, patches can expand by three feet per year. Consider growing in containers or raised bed with hardware cloth and weed barrier bottom. To control, we plant in strait rows on a single drip tape with room to run a walk-behind tiller on either side. Also known as Tigernut, Tiger Nut, Chufa Sedge, Nut Grass and Yellow Nutsedge.
Commercially grown in 24” beds separated by swale or ridge for flood irrigating or weekly rains. Fertilize before planting with compost or composted manure. Weed weekly, as they can cause a reduction in tigernut size. Can be irrigated overhead. Planted in April or May, harvested in November and December. Leaves are scorched during the harvest and tubers lifted with a modified beet lifter or hoe, washed and then sun dried in open for wind flow for up to three months. Turned daily by hand or with a modified walk behind tiller resembling a basket weeder for uniform drying and to prevent rot. Store dry and rehydrate by soaking overnight, does not loose its crisp texture. Plan crop rotation to include legumes to fix nitrogen and produce green manure. Wild turkeys will destroy a food plot containing Chufas if the grazing pressure is too high. Tags: Specialty: Forage Crop.
Among the oldest cultivated plants in ancient Egypt. Dried tubers have been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to 4000 BC. They were also grown by the Paiute Indians in the Owens Valley of California. Now cultivated mainly in 16 villages in the Valencian region of southeast Spain for the milky beverage Horchata de chufas. Delicious earth almond recipes